St. Konrad - Amberg

Theme - Old and New Testament - River of Life - New Jerusalem

This was an early work that I made at the Derix Studios when I first moved to Germany. The designs for the first two sections, the Old and New Testament were prepared as part of a very limited competition, fortunately my designs were selected. When these sections were completed, the rest of the project was commissioned.

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St. Konrad - Amberg - Ammersricht

Material - Lamberts Glass, mostly flashed, acid etched painted and silverstained.
Completion - 1996 Technique - Lamberts Glass, mostly flashed, acid etched painted and silverstained.
Dimensions -
This is place where I can add thre technical information
such as dimensions and architect
Old Testament Panels

The windows have been designed to follow in the same order as the events are related in the Bible and should be read from left to right.

On the North wall, the theme is the Old Testament and the New Testament on the East wall.

In each section of the window are clearly identifiable symbols. Although they are separate they are brought together through the drawing and use of colour which passes through the vertical mullions.

Days one and two of creation.

The separation of the light from the darkness and the separation of the waters below and above the firmament.

Above the creation of the light is a representation of the Spirit of God hovering over the deep.
The word 'hovering' used here is taken from the Hebrew Bible and is used only once more in the five books of Moses, it is used again in Deueronomy describing the flight of an eagle.

Gen. 1.
1. In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth.
2. Now the earth was unformed and void, and darkness was upon the face of the deep; and the spirit of the God hovered over the face of the waters.
3. And God said: "Let there be light" And there was light.
4. And God saw the light, that it was good; and God divided the light from the darkness.
The Spirit of God - The mysterious, unseen and irresistible presence of the Divine being.
The Hebrew word for hovered occurs again only in Deuteronomy 32:11, where it is descriptive of the eagle hovering over the young to care for and to protect them.

The window depicts the flood and the story of Noah which culminates in the first Covenant between God and mankind symbolized by the rainbow.
After it had rained for forty days and forty nights the rain stopped. The whole of the earth was covered with water. A raven was released and it failed to return. A dove was released three times in total. The second time it returned with an olive leaf in its beak. The third time it was released it did not return.
The flood was likened to Christian Baptism by the early church fathers. The ark was a frequent subject in Christian Art from its beginnings. In the Roman catacombs it stood for the the new Christian concept of the resurrection.
A ship soon became the established symbol for the church itself.

Gen. 8
7. And he sent forth a raven; it continued flying until the waters on the earth had dried up.
8. And he sent forth a dove.....
11. in her mouth an olive leaf freshly plucked.

Gen. 4
12. this is the token of my covenant between me and you and every living creature...
I have set my bow in the clouds and it shall be a token of a covenant between me....

To test Abraham's faith, God commanded him to make a burnt offering of his son, Isaac.
They went to the place of the sacrifice, Abraham on his donkey and Isaac carrying the wood for the alter fire.
Abraham bound Isaac and drew his knife. At that moment an Angel appeared and stayed his hand it said "Now I know you are a God fearing man, you have not withheld from me your son.". Abraham raised his eyes and saw a ram caught in a thicket which he sacrificed instead.

Central to this window are the bound hands of Isaac which are shown with the sacrificial knife above. Underneath is the ram caught in the thicket by its' horns. In the sky are many stars representing God's promise to Abraham, "multiply his seed as the stars in heaven."

A similar symbol of bound hands is used, but in reverse, in the Garden of Gethsemane window although in that window the hands are praying.

This subject occupied a central place in the system of Medieval typology, the drawing of parallels between Old and New Testament themes. Abraham's intended sacrifice was seen as a type of crucifixion, God's sacrifice of Christ. Isaac carrying the wood prefigured Christ carrying the cross, the ram became Christ crucified, the thorns in the thicket were the crown of thorns.

Gen. 22:17
I will multiply thy seeds as the stars in the heavens.
Gen. 22:6
...and he took in his hand the fire and the knife.

The great leader of the Jewish People. the lawgiver and founder of their institutional religion, and brother of Aaron.
Exodus tells how Moses led the Jews out of Egyptian captivity and how he received the ten commandments from God.
Among the Old testament figures whom the church saw as foreshadowing Christ, Moses even more than
David was preeminent. And many parallels were drawn between events in their lives. The Frescoes in the Sistine chapel depicting on opposite walls the life cycles of Moses and of Christ were meant to be interpreted in this sense.

The Burning Bush
While Moses was tending the flock of his Father in Law he came to mount Horeb he had a vision of a bush which although burned was not consumed. God spoke to Moses telling him that he would deliver the Israelites out of the hands of the Egyptians and lead them to Canaan "a land flowing with milk and honey."

In the middle of the bush is the Hebrew lettering which represents the name of God given to Moses to reassure the Israelites.
The shepherds crook is turning into a Serpent, a miraculous sign of God's presence.

Exodus 3.
2....although the bush was on fire, it was not consumed.
Exodus 4
2. The Lord said,"what is that in your hand?"
A" staff" replied Moses.
3. The Lord said, T"hrow it on the ground".
He did so and it turned into a snake.

Crossing of the Red Sea.
This window represents the guiding of the Israelites out of the land of Egypt on the start of their journey out of Egypt to the promised land.
On reaching the Red Sea, Moses stretched out his hand causing a wind to blow and thus the waters were divided, leaving a dry passage through which the Israelites marched. When the following Egyptians were in the middle, Moses caused the water to return drowning the army of Pharoh.

The early church interpreted this as a symbol of Christian baptism. Passover, although it remains one of the most important festivals in Judaism, owes its place in art to the Christian view of it as a foreshadowing of the Last Supper.

There is a broken chain representing the freedom from slavery. The eagle representing the spirit of God symbolises how it was God and not Moses who was responsible for this event.
This window depicts the flight from Egypt. The two main symbols are the parting of the Red Sea and the eagle.

Exodus 19:4,
"You have seen....how I bore you on eagles wings and brought you to me."
Moses receives the Tablets of the Law and the Israelites make the golden calf.
Moses ascends Mount Sinai and receives from God two tablets of stone on which the commandments are written. While he was there the Israelites asked Aaron to give them idols to worship. Aaron took their golden ornaments and made a golden calf which he placed on an alter. On his return, Moses was outraged at the Idolatry and threw down the two tablets, smashing them, and then destroyed the golden calf and threw the powder into a stream. He later returned to the mountain and received two new tablets from God.

Exod 19:16,18 & 19.
"....there were thunders and lightnings and thick cloud upon the mount, and the voice of a horn exceedingly loud:...."
".... Now Mount Sinai was altogether in smoke, because the Lord descended upon it in fire..."
"...And the voice of the horn waxed louder and louder."

Deut 9
10. And the Lord delivered unto me the two tablets of stone written with the finger of God: and on them was written according to all the words, which the Lord spoke with you in the mount out of the midst of the fire in the day of assembly

The Menorah which was made for the tabernacle to the design given to Moses by God, the Torah Scroll symbolising the beginning of Judaism as a religion of observances and the brazen serpent.
This window relates to the time in the wilderness. During this time the entirety of the Torah was given to Moses.

The Brazen Serpent. (Num 21:4-9)
The Israelites were discontented with life in the desert and spoke against Moses. On hearing this God sent a plague of poisonous snakes. When the people repented, Moses sought God's advice of how they should be rid of the snakes. He was told to make an image of one and set it on a pole. Whoever was bitten would be cured if they looked upon the image. Moses made this image of a brass snake on a Tau shaped cross.

John's Gospel gives the typological parallel.
John 3:14 J"ust as Moses lifted up the serpent in the wilderness, this Son of Man must be lifted up, in order that every one who has faith in him may not perish but have eternal life."
Exodus 25 : 31 And you shall make a candlestick of pure gold
There is an analogy between the Menorah as the light bearing tree and the burning bush from which God spoke to Moses.
Later, it was placed immediately in front of the sanctuary of the temple. It represents the light of God and judgement. The Menorah, the seven branched candle stick, soon became the central symbol of Judaism and is often shown flanking the Torah or tablets of the law. It is a symbol of the tree of life, one of the oldest symbols of Judaism.

The shepherd boy who became King of Israel.
He is important in Christian art not simply as a type or prefiguration of Christ; according to Matthew, he was a direct ancestor.

Here the window shows three symbols of David.
The sheep for his time as a shepherd. There is also here the analogy with Christ.
The harp representing music and the Psalms which are attributed to David.
Finally is the distinctive and symbolic star of David.

New Testament Panels

The windows have been designed to follow in the same order as the events are related in the Bible and should be read from left to right.

On the North wall, the theme is the Old Testament and the New Testament on the East wall.

In each section of the window are clearly identifiable symbols. Although they are separate they are brought together through the drawing and use of colour which passes through the vertical mullions.

The Nativity of Christ, The Word Made Flesh.

From the beginning of the Gospel of St.John.
4. In him was life, and that life was the light of mankind.
5. The light shines in the darkness and the darkness never mastered it.

The Star symbolizing the Birth of Christ which was seen by the Magi surrounded by normal stars.
Rev 22:16 Christ was referred to as the Bright Star of Dawn.
Below is the figure of the infant Jesus in the hands of God. The posture of the infant is like the crucifixion.
Underneath the figure are violets which are symbolic of humility.
Beneath is the lamb both representing Christ and the gift of the Shepherds.
There is also here a representation of the gifts from the Magi.
This window corresponds with the first window of the Old Testament series.
In the first window there is the creation of the physical light, here is the creation of the spiritual light.

John 12:46 "I am come a light into the world, that whosoever believeth on me should not abide in darkness".

This window represents the Baptism of Christ.
He was referred to by John the Baptist as the Lamb of God.
Christ was baptized in the river Jordan by John the Baptist, during a general baptism of the people so many would be present. The Holy Spirit descended on him "like a dove".

John 1:29...he saw Jesus coming towards him. "There is the Lamb of God".
John 1:8 He was not himself the light; he came to bear witness to the light.
Mark 1:10 "at the moment when he came up out of the water he saw the heavens open and the Spirit,
like a dove, descended upon him.
And a voice spoke from heaven saying "Thou art my Son, my Beloved; on thee my favour rests."
John 3:5 "I tell you the truth no one can enter the kingdom of God unless he is born of water and the Spirit...."

This design represents the teachings and miracles of Christ during his ministry.

John 2: 1-11 The Wedding at Cana and the transformation of water into wine.
The five loaves and the two fishes. Luke 9:13-17
The miraculous draught of fishes. Luke 5:1-11

There are also representations of the I am sayings of Christ

Jn 15. "I am the true vine"
Jn 6.35 "I am the bread of life".
Jn 7:37 "If anyone is thirsty, let him come to me and drink." "Whoever believes in me, as the scripture has said, streams of living water will flow from within him." In the lower area of this panel is a representation of the table for the Last Supper with twelve small bowls surrounding the large central bowl which is in the centre of the shadow forming the shape of the cross. One of the bowls is out of alignment and therefore represents the betrayal of Christ by Judas. The hands above are offering the bread and wine to the apostles.

Mark 14
22 During the supper he took bread, and having said the blessing broke it and gave it to them,
with the words: "Take this; this is my body." 23. Then he took a cup, and having offered thanks to God he gave it to them; and they all drank from it.
24. And he said to them, "This is my blood, the blood of the covenant, shed for many."

At the base there is the lamb representing the Paschal Lamb which both represents Christ in his Sacrificial role and also marks the Last Supper as the Jewish Festival of Passover.

Central to this design are the hands clasped in prayer entwined with thorns as a symbol of the torment of this moment and also representing the crown of thorns.
There is a ghostly cup being offered from above. At the base is a cockerel representing the denial by St. Peter.
The flowers are passion flowers and the leaves are of olive trees.

Mark 14.36
"all things are possible to you; take this cup from me. Yet not my will but yours." In the centre of this window are the wounded hands of Christ. Behind this the three crosses. Below is the hands breaking bread. This event occurred at Emmaus after the resurrection. Christ met with the disciples on the road to Emmaus but they did not recognize him.

Luke 24:
30 ...he broke the bread and offered it to them.
31. Then their eyes were opened, and they recognized him; but he vanished from their sight.

Behind the crosses are the moon and the sun.
The new moon setting representing Judaism, the rising sun representing the dawning of Christianity.

Acts 2
1. The day of Pentecost had come and they were all together in one place.
2. Suddenly there came from the sky what sounded like a strong driving wind, a noise which
filled the whole house where they were sitting.
3. And there appeared to them flames like tongues of fire distributed amongst them and coming to rest on each of them.
4. They were all filled with the holy spirit.....

Jn 3:8 "The wind blows where it wills, and you hear the sound of it, but you do not know whence it comes or whither it goes, so it is with everyone who is born of the Spirit" Only after Pentecost and the Descent of the Holy Ghost was it possible to begin the formation of the Church. Central to this was the writing of the Gospels.
This window has the book representing the New Testament.
It should be compared with the representation of the Giving of the Law in the Old Testament windows. Light is again a theme here, this time representing the light of wisdom.
The very first window shows the creation of the Light. Here is the light of wisdom and understanding coming from the Gospel.
On the book are the letters, Alpha and Omega the beginning and the end.
Underneath are symbols for the Eucharist, wheat and grapes.